Creating a Website with Python and Flask

In today’s digital age, having a strong online presence is essential for businesses and individuals alike. One of the best ways to establish that presence is by creating a website. While there are a multitude of website builders and content management systems available, using Python and Flask to build a website from scratch offers a level of customization and control that cannot be matched by other solutions.

In this guide, we will explore the process of creating a website with Python and Flask, from setting up a development environment to deploying the site to the internet. Whether you’re a seasoned Python developer or just starting out, this guide will provide a solid foundation for building your own website using this powerful language and framework.

Introduction to Flask

Flask is a lightweight web framework for Python that allows you to build web applications quickly and easily. It is designed to be simple and easy to use, making it an excellent choice for beginners and experienced developers alike. Flask provides the necessary tools to create web applications, including URL routing, template rendering and form handling.

In this tutorial, we will build a website using Flask, covering all aspects of web development, from designing web pages to handling user input and storing data in a database.

2. Setting up the Environment

Before we start building our website, we need to set up our development environment. First, make sure you have Python 3.6 or higher installed. You can check your Python version with the following command:

python --version

Next, we will create a virtual environment to isolate our project dependencies. Run the following commands:

python -m venv my_flask_env
source my_flask_env/bin/activate  # On Windows, use `my_flask_env\Scripts\activate`

Now that your virtual environment is activated, let’s install Flask:

pip install Flask

This command will install Flask and its dependencies. Once the installation is complete, you’re ready to start building your website!

Creating a Flask Application

To create a Flask application, first, create a new directory for your project and navigate to it:

mkdir my_flask_website
cd my_flask_website

Now, create a new Python file named and add the following code:

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

def home():
    return 'Hello, Flask!'

if __name__ == '__main__':

This code creates a basic Flask application with a single route that returns a “Hello, Flask!” message. Save the file and run the application with the following command:


Open your web browser and navigate to to see your Flask application in action.

Designing Web Pages with Templates

Flask uses the Jinja2 templating engine to render HTML templates. Templates allow you to create reusable HTML structures and separate your application logic from the presentation layer.

To get started with templates, create a new directory named templates in your project folder. Inside the templates directory, create an HTML file named base.html and add the following code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>{% block title %}My Flask Website{% endblock %}</title>
    {% block content %}{% endblock %}

This template defines a basic HTML structure and uses Jinja2 blocks to allow other templates to extend it. Now, let’s create a new template named home.html in the templates directory and add the following code:

{% extends 'base.html' %}

{% block title %}Home{% endblock %}

{% block content %}
    <h1>Hello, Flask!</h1>
{% endblock %}

This template extends the base.html template and overrides the title and content blocks. To render this template in your Flask application, modify the home() function in

Restart your application and refresh your browser to see the updated web page.

5. Implementing Routes and Views

Routes define the URLs for your application and map them to Python functions, called views. Views handle incoming requests and return responses, such as HTML pages or JSON data.

To create a new route, add a decorator with the desired URL pattern to your file and define a new view function:

def about():
    return render_template('about.html')

Now, create a new template named about.html in the templates directory and add some content:

Now, create a new template named about.html in the templates directory and add some content:

{% block title %}About{% endblock %}

{% block content %}
<h1>About Us</h1>
<p>Welcome to the About page of our Flask website!</p>
{% endblock %}

This template extends the base.html template and overrides the title and content blocks with information about the website. Save the file and restart your application. Now, you can navigate to to see the new About page.

Integrating a Database with SQLAlchemy

To store and manage data for your website, you can use Flask-SQLAlchemy, an ORM (Object Relational Mapper) that simplifies working with databases in Flask applications. First, install the Flask-SQLAlchemy package:

pip install Flask-SQLAlchemy

Next, configure your file to connect to a database by adding the following lines:

from flask_sqlalchemy import SQLAlchemy

Now you can define your database models and use them in your application.

Creating and Managing Forms

Flask-WTF is a popular library for handling forms in Flask applications. To install Flask-WTF, run the following command:

pip install Flask-WTF

Create a new directory named forms in your project folder and create a Python file named Add the following code to define a simple form:

from flask_wtf import FlaskForm
from wtforms import StringField, SubmitField
from wtforms.validators import DataRequired

class ExampleForm(FlaskForm):
name = StringField('Name', validators=[DataRequired()])
submit = SubmitField('Submit')

Now, you can use this form in your views and templates to handle user input.

Implementing User Authentication

To add user authentication to your website, you can use the Flask-Login library. Install Flask-Login with the following command:

pip install Flask-Login

In your project, create a new directory named auth and add a Python file named Configure Flask-Login by adding the following code:

from flask_login import LoginManager

login_manager = LoginManager()

def init_app(app):

Now you can create user models, manage user sessions and protect routes by requiring users to be logged in.

Deploying the Application

To deploy your Flask application, you can use platforms like Heroku, PythonAnywhere, or a traditional web server, such as Apache or Nginx. Each platform has its own set of requirements and configuration steps, so refer to the documentation for your chosen platform for specific instructions.

That’s it! You’ve successfully built a website using Flask. Continue to expand your application by adding more features, routes and templates and by integrating with other Python libraries and services. Good luck and happy coding!


In conclusion, we hope that this guide has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of how to create a website using Python and Flask. We covered everything from setting up the environment to designing web pages, implementing user authentication and deploying the application. Flask’s simplicity and ease of use make it an excellent choice for building web applications and Python’s extensive library of modules and packages provides developers with an endless array of tools to enhance their applications’ functionality. Remember, the key to becoming a successful web developer is to practice, experiment and continuously learn. Happy coding!